Bahir Dar city is part of the 105 communities in Amhara Region of Ethiopia part of the West Gojjam Administrative Zone. This community is bordered on the south by Adet, on the southwest by Merawi, on the northwest by Blue Nile River which separates it from Achefer and on the north by Lake Tana. Based on figures published by the Central Statistical Agency in 2005, the city has an estimated total population of 270,013, of whom 132,634 were males and 137,379 were females; 13,915 or 5.15% of its population are urban dwellers, which is less than the Zone average of 7.6%. With an estimated area of 2,062.62 square kilometers, Bahir Dar has an estimated population density of 130.9 people per square kilometer, which is less than the Zone average of 174.47.

In this region there is only a few medical service that can provide dentistry, Maxillo-Facial Surgery including plastic surgery, ophthalmology, gynecology and pediatrics.

  1. According to information we got from the Felegehiwot Hospital—Bahir Dar, five to ten jaw fracture cases including any other minor or major defects in the jaw are refereed to Addis Ababa.
  2. All oral cleft operations are treated in Addis or are not treated at all due to lack of professionals.
  3. There is no E.N.T doctors in the entire region; those who need help must go to the capital Addis traveling hundreds of kilometers.
  4. There are few gynecologists and pediatrics doctors who are doing magnificent jobs but can not meet all demands since the demand is more than what they can meet.
  5. The competition from the private sector and government hospital is of non-existence. For example all Maxillo facial surgery cases, E.N.T including plastic surgery is referred to the central hospital in Addis Ababa. The cost for the patient would be much higher than what it could have been if they were treated here in Bahir Dar. As always in Africa, medical cases can only be reported if and only if the service is available. Hence it is difficult to know the exact market demand; but from the experience we have so far, four to five major cases are in queue in my clinic waiting for major operation. This is more than a single specialist can manage.
  6. Patients we met so far were not from wollo and south-western part of tigray. But the possibility is that some cases are likely to appear from those areas too, as the places are proximate to Bahir Dar that to Addis.
  7. We had a discussion with a Swedish trained ophthalmologist who has opened high quality clinic at the vicinity of Addis to open branches in our clinic here in Bahir Dar